Ancient Quenya Phonetics P9: initial [d] assimilated to following [n]

AQ. initial [d] assimilated to following [n]; [dVXn-] > [nVXn-]

In Ancient Quenya words beginning with d that had an n at the end of the first syllable, the initial d- often became n- by assimilation. This sound change was mentioned briefly in both the Outline of Phonetic Development [OP1] from the 1930s and the Outline of Phonology [OP2] from the 1950s, and was described in more detail in several other places:

Ancient Quenya Phonetics P7: [r] became [s] after voiceless stops and aspirates

AQ. [r] became [s] after voiceless stops and aspirates; [{ptkpʰtʰkʰ}r] > [{ptkpʰtʰkʰ}s]

In Ancient Quenya any r following a voiceless stop or aspirate developed into s, a sound change with nearly identical descriptions in both the Outline of Phonetic Development [OP1] from the 1930s and the Outline of Phonology [OP2] from the 1950s:

Ancient Quenya Phonetics P5: [sr] became [ss]

AQ. [sr] became [ss]; [sr] > [ss]

Tolkien described several phonetic developments for the Quenya combination sr in the history of the language. He described essentially the same phonetic developments in both the Outline of Phonetic Development [OP1] from the 1930s and the Outline of Phonology [OP2] from the 1950s:

Ancient Quenya Phonetics P4: [nl], [nr] became [ll], [rr]

AQ. [nl], [nr] became [ll], [rr]; [nl|nr] > [ll|rr]

In Ancient Quenya, the nasal [n] assimilated to a following liquid: nl, nr > ll, rr. This change was mentioned in both the Outline of Phonetic Development from the 1930s [OP1] and from the Outline of Phonology from the 1950s [OP2]:

Some small improvements for content authors

I have added some small improvements to the site that may help posters.

There are two new buttons in the editor toolbar at the top of the text area when you create a post:

The Insert Quote button allows you to insert quotes with an author specified:

It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.

Jane Austen

With the Boxout button you can create a box inserted into the text which you can use the summarize/highlight an important point:

Primitive Elvish: voiced stops unvoiced before voiceless consonants

voiced stops unvoiced before voiceless consonants; [{bdg}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [{ptk}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]

In Primitive Elvish, voiced stops were unvoiced where they appeared before a voiceless stop, aspirate or [s]. Tolkien described this change in both versions of the Tengwesta Quenderinwa, from the 1930s [TQ1] and the 1950s [TQ2]: