Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 47)

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S. initial [s] vanished before spirants; [s{ɸθx}-] > [{ɸθx}-]

Any initial s before spirants was lost as part of the general process whereby initial s + voiceless stops became initial voiceless spirants. For further details, see the discussion of the first stage of this sound change: voiceless stops became spirants after initial [s]. Based on Noldorin evidence, it seems the second stage of this sound change occurred after the Old Noldorin/Old Sindarin period:

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 45)

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S. initial nasals vanished before stops; [{mb|nd|ŋg}-] > [{bdg}-]

At every conceptual stage of Sindarin (including earlier Gnomish and Noldorin), all initial nasalized stops become stops: [mb-] > [b-], [nd-] > [d-] [ŋg-] > [g-], the only exception being when those stops became syllabic and developed a preceding vowel. These sound changes appeared in the phonetic Comparitive Tables from the 1930s (PE19/20), and Tolkien mentioned them on numerous occasions:

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 43)

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OS. [bm], [dn] became [mm], [nn]; [bm|dn] > [mm|nn]

In (Old) Sindarin and (Old) Noldorin, voiced stops became nasals before another nasal. In Sindarin, this change was restricted to homorganic stops, that is [bm] > [mm] and [dn] > [nn]. In Noldorin, the change was more general (see below). For Sindarin, Tolkien described this change in notes on Elvish numerals from the late 1960s (VT42/26):

Serke Iþil

Eclipse

Enta lómis eke mon kenda *keþyalima hellea *fánie - Iþilwa *vaþarie. Iþil menuva tere Kemeno leo (hya Kemen menuva imbe Anar Iþilye), ha vistuva Iþilo laite þindello karnenna. Queni estar tana *fánie Serke Iþil *nanqui laiterya lauva *morikarne ve serke, arya1kuluina.

I vaþarie kenuvaina or i forna *perkoron. Or Europa i ammára lúmion kenitas tuluva nó Anarórie.


*fánie noun "phenomenon, apparition" PHAN

What Is Neo-Elvish and Is It Good or Bad?

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Many modern books and web sites that examine Tolkien’s Elvish languages take care to distinguish between Tolkien’s languages as he described them (Quenya and Sindarin) from fan-based reconstructions and extensions of his languages (Neo-Quenya and Neo-Sindarin). The distinction between Tolkien’s Elvish versus fan-based Neo-Elvish can confuse new students of the languages. People who approach the languages for the first time usually want to use them just as Tolkien did, and avoid fan-based reconstructions.