Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 43)


OS. [bm], [dn] became [mm], [nn]; [bm|dn] > [mm|nn]

In (Old) Sindarin and (Old) Noldorin, voiced stops became nasals before another nasal. In Sindarin, this change was restricted to homorganic stops, that is [bm] > [mm] and [dn] > [nn]. In Noldorin, the change was more general (see below). For Sindarin, Tolkien described this change in notes on Elvish numerals from the late 1960s (VT42/26):

Serke Iþil


Enta lómis eke mon kenda *keþyalima hellea *fánie - Iþilwa *vaþarie. Iþil menuva tere Kemeno leo (hya Kemen menuva imbe Anar Iþilye), ha vistuva Iþilo laite þindello karnenna. Queni estar tana *fánie Serke Iþil *nanqui laiterya lauva *morikarne ve serke, arya1kuluina.

I vaþarie kenuvaina or i forna *perkoron. Or Europa i ammára lúmion kenitas tuluva nó Anarórie.

*fánie noun "phenomenon, apparition" PHAN

What Is Neo-Elvish and Is It Good or Bad?


Many modern books and web sites that examine Tolkien’s Elvish languages take care to distinguish between Tolkien’s languages as he described them (Quenya and Sindarin) from fan-based reconstructions and extensions of his languages (Neo-Quenya and Neo-Sindarin). The distinction between Tolkien’s Elvish versus fan-based Neo-Elvish can confuse new students of the languages. People who approach the languages for the first time usually want to use them just as Tolkien did, and avoid fan-based reconstructions.

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 42)


OS. [w] vanished before [u]; [{uw|wu}] > [u]

Based on a few examples, it seems [w] vanishes before [u] in Old Noldorin, in the same way as that [j] vanished before [i]. Since the combination [wu] did not normally occur in Primitive Elvish, this phonetic development only applied to cases where the [u] arose later, such as when [oi], [ǭi] became [ui] in Noldorin: