Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 43)

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OS. [bm], [dn] became [mm], [nn]; [bm|dn] > [mm|nn]

In (Old) Sindarin and (Old) Noldorin, voiced stops became nasals before another nasal. In Sindarin, this change was restricted to homorganic stops, that is [bm] > [mm] and [dn] > [nn]. In Noldorin, the change was more general (see below). For Sindarin, Tolkien described this change in notes on Elvish numerals from the late 1960s (VT42/26):

Serke Iþil

Eclipse

Enta lómis eke mon kenda *keþyalima hellea *fánie - Iþilwa *vaþarie. Iþil menuva tere Kemeno leo (hya Kemen menuva imbe Anar Iþilye), ha vistuva Iþilo laite þindello karnenna. Queni estar tana *fánie Serke Iþil *nanqui laiterya lauva *morikarne ve serke, arya1kuluina.

I vaþarie kenuvaina or i forna *perkoron. Or Europa i ammára lúmion kenitas tuluva nó Anarórie.


*fánie noun "phenomenon, apparition" PHAN

What Is Neo-Elvish and Is It Good or Bad?

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Many modern books and web sites that examine Tolkien’s Elvish languages take care to distinguish between Tolkien’s languages as he described them (Quenya and Sindarin) from fan-based reconstructions and extensions of his languages (Neo-Quenya and Neo-Sindarin). The distinction between Tolkien’s Elvish versus fan-based Neo-Elvish can confuse new students of the languages. People who approach the languages for the first time usually want to use them just as Tolkien did, and avoid fan-based reconstructions.

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 42)

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OS. [w] vanished before [u]; [{uw|wu}] > [u]

Based on a few examples, it seems [w] vanishes before [u] in Old Noldorin, in the same way as that [j] vanished before [i]. Since the combination [wu] did not normally occur in Primitive Elvish, this phonetic development only applied to cases where the [u] arose later, such as when [oi], [ǭi] became [ui] in Noldorin: