The Quenya Definite Article

With permission, I'm posting a link to Raccoon's description of the Quenya Definite Article, which is much more detailed than mine:

This file was originally posted in Discord. I wanted to put a copy of this very interesting research into a publicly accessible location to make it less likely it would be lost in the mists of the Internet.

R.I.P. Christopher Tolkien Atwe Thu, 01/16/2020 - 18:18
Christopher Tolkien

He has a mighty legacy without which we wouldn't be here doing what we love to do.

Nai siluvalye imbi 'n Eleni tennoio.

Rest in peace, Christopher Tolkien.



Would *anasta- be a viable neologism for "oppose, face in a certain direction, be against something", as a derivation of the root ANAT > anattā > anasta (as anta- is taken)? See also the early Noldorin athra-.


Alternatively, *anahta- from anak  "against"?

Quenya Grammar P16: Monosyllabic Nouns Paul Strack Tue, 01/14/2020 - 00:52

There is no evidence that Tolkien consider monosyllabic nouns as a distinct class in his later writings, but such nouns are more likely to be irregular than other nouns, since they represent more basic concepts. For example, the noun “hand” does not have a plural form *már or *mái, but uses only the partitive plural máli (VT47/6). Independent pronouns are also generally monosyllabic, so they would be declined like members of this group.

Quenya Grammar P15: Consonantal Nouns

Tolkien generally referred to nouns ending in a consonants as “consonantal” nouns, for example on PE14/42 (1920s) and PE21/76 (1950s). As with all Quenya words, a noun can only end in one of the five valid final consonants: l, n, r, s, t. Consonantal nouns were often a reduction of longer ancient forms, however, and their inflections could reflect these more ancient endings.

Quenya Grammar P14: E-nouns

One special subgroup of vocalic nouns are those that end in the vowel e, or “e-nouns”. Frequently these have inflection suffixes identical to those of other vocalic nouns, but they differ significantly in plural forms. In particular, they do not (normally) use the plural suffix -r, but instead form their plurals by changing their final e to i. The details of these forms and their historical developments is discussed in the entries on plural nouns and for the individual noun cases.