Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 45)

Forums

S. initial nasals vanished before stops; [{mb|nd|ŋg}-] > [{bdg}-]

At every conceptual stage of Sindarin (including earlier Gnomish and Noldorin), all initial nasalized stops become stops: [mb-] > [b-], [nd-] > [d-] [ŋg-] > [g-], the only exception being when those stops became syllabic and developed a preceding vowel. These sound changes appeared in the phonetic Comparitive Tables from the 1930s (PE19/20), and Tolkien mentioned them on numerous occasions:

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 43)

Forums

OS. [bm], [dn] became [mm], [nn]; [bm|dn] > [mm|nn]

In (Old) Sindarin and (Old) Noldorin, voiced stops became nasals before another nasal. In Sindarin, this change was restricted to homorganic stops, that is [bm] > [mm] and [dn] > [nn]. In Noldorin, the change was more general (see below). For Sindarin, Tolkien described this change in notes on Elvish numerals from the late 1960s (VT42/26):

Serke Iþil

Eclipse

Enta lómis eke mon kenda *keþyalima hellea *fánie - Iþilwa *vaþarie. Iþil menuva tere Kemeno leo (hya Kemen menuva imbe Anar Iþilye), ha vistuva Iþilo laite þindello karnenna. Queni estar tana *fánie Serke Iþil *nanqui laiterya lauva *morikarne ve serke, arya1kuluina.

I vaþarie kenuvaina or i forna *perkoron. Or Europa i ammára lúmion kenitas tuluva nó Anarórie.


*fánie noun "phenomenon, apparition" PHAN

What Is Neo-Elvish and Is It Good or Bad?

Forums

Many modern books and web sites that examine Tolkien’s Elvish languages take care to distinguish between Tolkien’s languages as he described them (Quenya and Sindarin) from fan-based reconstructions and extensions of his languages (Neo-Quenya and Neo-Sindarin). The distinction between Tolkien’s Elvish versus fan-based Neo-Elvish can confuse new students of the languages. People who approach the languages for the first time usually want to use them just as Tolkien did, and avoid fan-based reconstructions.