Quenya Grammar P15: Consonantal Nouns

Tolkien generally referred to nouns ending in a consonants as “consonantal” nouns, for example on PE14/42 (1920s) and PE21/76 (1950s). As with all Quenya words, a noun can only end in one of the five valid final consonants: l, n, r, s, t. Consonantal nouns were often a reduction of longer ancient forms, however, and their inflections could reflect these more ancient endings.

Quenya Grammar P14: E-nouns

One special subgroup of vocalic nouns are those that end in the vowel e, or “e-nouns”. Frequently these have inflection suffixes identical to those of other vocalic nouns, but they differ significantly in plural forms. In particular, they do not (normally) use the plural suffix -r, but instead form their plurals by changing their final e to i. The details of these forms and their historical developments is discussed in the entries on plural nouns and for the individual noun cases.

Quenya Grammar P34: Comitative

The comitative case is one that Tolkien abandoned in his later writings. Indeed, the function of this case is not entirely clear, though its name implies that it indicates an “accompanying” noun. In its first appearance, the comitative case used the suffix -iko (PE16/113), and in this form it may have appeared in some sentences from the earliest drafts of the Markirya poem, as suggested by the editors of PE16 (Gilson, Smith, Wynne, Hostetter and Welden):

Quenya Grammar P33: Similative

This noun case is one that Tolkien abandoned in his later writings. In the Early Quenya Grammar (EQG) he called it the “Manner” case (PE14/46, 78), but in declension tables from the late 1920s through 1930s he often labeled it the “Adverb” case (PE16/113; PE21/4, 53) and in a couple places he called it the “Comparative” case (PE21/42, 46).

Spatial Positional/Relational Adjectives in NeoQuenya

Forums

I would like to gather ideas for neologisms covering spatial positional/relational adjectives, which are rather sparsely attested, and often cause a headache for NQ writers. These are adjectives that specify an objects position with regards to a center point, axis, or plane.

 

I am thinking of this set, listing the attested words:

medial/middle/central: endea, en(t)ya

internal/interior: mitya

external/exterior: ava, ette

superior/upper:

inferior/nether: EQ úva

anterior/frontal:

Hierarchy of Adjectives in the Noun Phrase

It is a frequent way of natural languages to make a noun in the sentence more specific by using several adjectives/qualifiers before the noun: the ugly big black smoke-spitting articulated lorry. One can also observe that the order or position which these qualifiers take before the noun follows some sort of regularity which is inherently "felt" by the speaker: we say little red riding hood but would (probably) not say riding red little hood.