The Quenya instrumental is formed with the suffix -nen and is roughly equivalent to English “with, by (means of)”. It indicates the instrument or means by which an action occurred, and hence cannot be used for “with” in the English sense of “accompanying” or “by” in the sense of “beside”:
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I just finished listing all Sindarin names of Beleriand and characters of the First Age, so they can be translated into (Neo)Quenya. I think that having a consensus on these matters can be very useful for different projects. The list is hosted in Tolkien Gateway, as it can be useful to check the links, but maybe it could be better somewhere else?
Although the adverbial suffixes often used a joining vowel when combined with consonantal nouns, in cases where the final consonant of the noun matched the first consonant of the suffix, the suffix was usually assimilated to the noun: Amanna “to Aman” (VT49/26), menello “from heaven (menel)” (VT43/13). In a set of Quenya prayers from the 1950s (VT43, VT44), however, Tolkien experimented with some more complex assimilations.
The locative suffix -sse indicates location at the specified place, and is variously glossed “at, in, on”. Sometimes Tolkien also used the term inessive (“in”) and adessive (“on”) to refer to this case (PE21/68); the exact meaning is contextual.
This is a continuation of a discussion we had on G+, searching for NeoQuenya (and Sindarin) words corresponding to "glide, slide" and "sleigh, sled".
As a summary, Sami suggested to adapt/update the early root √LEHE as *√LEKH and have a verb *leh- "slide, glide" on analogy of lah- "kick".
Robert Reynolds suggested that
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