Select Primitive Elvish Roots: DAL-ÐOTO

DAL “bottom, ground; [ᴹ√] flat”

This root first appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s as ᴹ√DAL with the gloss “flat” and various derivatives of similar meaning (Ety/DAL). It reappeared again in later notes as √DAL “bottom, ground” written in the late 1950s or early 1960s (PE17/150). In both places, it had a variant form √LAD of similar meaning.

*Henka Menelya Autas


Silindo yo Lumbar, i *randu, uo tarnet noa lómisse rongo apa andúne. I *ótarie rie nemestea né, an naitie Lumbar mene os Anar  lári *lindóre ambela Silindo, ananta lieron úme rinke hententa i randu i nemnet ve erinqua ankalima tinwe. Quelli navir sa véla autas virinye i Veltehem Eleno nyarnanna.

I menel lumba né noa andúnes sinome yasse oian, epetai lá enke men kenei ótarie, mal utúvien vanima emma karina *palantillanen. Ara Silindo i *rando *ránar kanta kénime: Europa, Ganymede, Io ar Callisto, ta ara Lumbar i *rána Titan.

[Emma ló Ed Piotrowski to Twitter]




Could vanda “oath, pledge, solemn promise” come from *WAD being a variant of WED "bind"? That could mean that *vasta- "pledge, promise" could be a variant of vesta- which was repurposed as "wed, marry" and derived from BES later in the game.

Sindarin Grammar P53: Adverbs

One notable feature of Sindarin is that it often uses adjectives adverbially, as in: noro lim, noro lim Asfaloth “run swift, run swift Asfaloth” (LotR/213). This can occur only when the adjective could conceivably be an attribute of the verb’s subject, as in this example where “swift” is applicable to the subject (Asfaloth). As Tolkien described it: