Like all Elvish languages, the origin of Sindarin dates back to the Common Quenderin [CQ] language spoken by the Elves when they awoke beside the shores of Cuiviénen (S. Nen Echui). Even in those early days, the Elves divided themselves into three tribes, and Sindarin is ultimately derived from the dialect of the third tribe, later called the Teleri.
Sindarin was originally the native language of the Elves of Beleriand, but by the Third Age it was the language spoken by nearly all the Elves of western Middle Earth. As Tolkien described it in The Lord of the Rings Appendix F:
Of the Eldarin tongues two are found in this book: the High-elven or Quenya, and the Grey-elven or Sindarin ...
The Quenya Grammar series is done for now. The content is collected in the Eldamo site, which is downloaded as usual:
A subordinate or dependent clause is one that is not a sentence on its own, but modifies the larger context in which it appears: “the man who came here yesterday was very angry”. Many subordinate clauses begin with relative pronouns, as in the previous example: “who”.
Like many languages, Quenya has adverbs whose primary function is to modify verbs, in much the same way that the primary function of adjectives is to modify nouns. In English, there is the suffix “-ly” which can be used to turn adjectives into adverbs, as in “the quick man ran” vs. “the man ran quickly”.