Select Elvish Words 1.41: Woods, Forest

1.41 Woods, Forest

Q. ornendur n. “tree-keep, forester, woodsman”

A word in 1959 notes Tolkien described as “a tree-keep, a forester, a ‘woodsman’, a man concerned with trees as we might say ‘professionally’ (NM/20)”. It was given as an example of the use of the suffix -(n)dur, and its initial element is ornë “tree”.

Select Elvish Words 1.37-1.38: Spring, Well, Whirlpool

1.37 Spring, Well

Q. celussë n. “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring”

Quenya equivalent of the river name S. Celos, glossed “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring” and derived from a combination of ✶kelu- “flow (swiftly)” and the abstract noun suffix -ssë (UTI/Celos).

Select Elvish Words 1.351-1.352: Foam, Froth, Splash, Spray

ᴹQ. falle n. “foam”

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “foam” derived from the root ᴹ√PHAL of the same meaning (Ety/PHAL).

Q. wingë n. “foam, spindrift, spray, [ᴹQ.] wave crest, [ᴱQ.] froth, scud; ⚠️wave”

A noun for “foam” or “spray”, described at one point as “properly a flying splume or spindrift blown off wavetops” (PM/392).

Select Elvish Words 1.35: Wave, Surge

Q. falasta- vb. “to foam, surge, [ᴱQ.] make a sound like surf”

A verb meaning “to foam, surge” (for example, of the sea), used in all versions of the Markirya, both the version from the 1960s and the original from 1931 (and many of its preceding drafts). In the poem, it appeared as an active participle falastala “surging” (MC/222), but in the commentary after the poem it was glossed “foam” (MC/223).