April 2019

Púlima Serke Tuvina Mi Yára Rokko Lemmar


Telda loas *lemmar wine-rokko ya oine koranári tuxainen kanaquain atta yá ner tuvine Siveriasse. I wine-rokko mai *vortaina an effírie *loxosse ya epetai nikune, ar varanye i kelvo mitye astar; epetai enke minaþurindoin *ettuke púlima serkeo míwa limba i rokkollo. Yuhtaila i serke, sí kénai ekuva tien enkuita i rokko (yuhtuvanente silúmea rokko ve kolindo). I métima *tenesta ná enkuitien i *mammot...

Liquid Blood Found In Remains of Ancient Horse

Doing Quenya Phonetic Research

I already posted this on the Discord forums, but it occurred to me that not everyone on this site is also on Discord so I ought to say something here as well.

I fully intend to write a series on Quenya phonetic developments similar to what I did on Sindarin. However, I’ve got a lot of basic research to do first before I can post anything. My Quenya phonetic notes are a mess and I need to clean them up and properly model the sound changes before I can discuss them in detail.

Version 0.7.2 of Eldamo

I've released v.0.7.2 of Eldamo.


This release finishes up my analysis of Sindarin phonetics. I'm moving on to Quenya phonetics next. Downloads are here:


For those of you that don’t know Eldamo is a lexicon of Elvish words, extensively cross referenced. I’m publicizing the updated in several difference places now that G+ is dead.

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 111) Paul Strack Fri, 04/05/2019 - 02:49

S. medial [x] became [h] in Gondorian pronunciation; [-x-|xt] > [-h-|xt]

In the Gondorian dialect of Sindarin, any ch [x] was reduced to h [h] medially. This is a change Tolkien mentioned numerous times, invariably in the context of the name S. Rohan and related words:

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 110) Paul Strack Fri, 04/05/2019 - 02:46

S. [sk] usually became [sg]; [sk] > [sg]

In both Sindarin and Noldorin, the cluster [sk] usually became [sg]:

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 109) Paul Strack Fri, 04/05/2019 - 02:44

S. final [rr] became [r]; [-rr] > [-r]

Based on a single example, it seems that long final [rr] became single [r] in Noldorin:

Sindarin Phonetic Development (Part 108) Paul Strack Fri, 04/05/2019 - 02:42

S. voiceless nasals were voiced; [m̥|n̥] > [m|n]


Anatoly Liberman posted this very interesting article on the etymology of the English word dream, and it got me thinking whether Tolkien was aware of the ambiguity behind the etymology (in Old English, the word seems more associated with "joy, noise, life" than "dream", it's worth reading the entire two-part article) and made the roots OLOS and GALAS similar on purpose. I am probably seeing stuff into things here, but I wouldn't put anything past Tolkien :)