July 2019

Ancient Quenya Phonetics P35: [ln] became [ld]

AQ. [ln] became [ld]; [ln] > [ld]

In (Ancient) Quenya, the combination ln became ld, a change mentioned in both the Outline of Phonetic Development [OP1] from the 1930s (PE19/48) and the Outline of Phonology [OP2] from the 1950s (PE19/100). This change is most noticeable in adjective forms from roots ending with L, where the primitive adjective suffix -nā produced Quenya adjectives ending in -lda:

Vinya Nó Poika Nén Yo Kelume Netien


Vinya aule autana ló minaþurindor mi Arávia ké poluva anta *elehterónea kelume ar imya lúmes *poita nén erumessen. I tanwe remba áre ar vista sa *elehterónienna ya *arrongo mene ter i singwa hya vára nén i kapsasse nún; i kelume *laukata i nén, potai i singi yo vaksi *hisyar; i *meniende tá atatya lan *maurea, hehtiéla poika nén i mettasse. Min i *ompassion ná sa i tanwe ké karina alta hya titta, antaila kelume ar nén ilye ostoin hya erye martanin.

Ancient Quenya Phonetics P2: The Quenya Syncope

AQ. second short vowel of same quality lost; [V₁CV̆₁CV] > [V₁CCV]

In Ancient Quenya, if two syllables had the same vowel twice and the second vowel as short (aCă, eCĕ, iCĭ, oCŏ, uCŭ), then the second vowel was frequently lost. This process is commonly referred to as the “Quenya syncope” and there are numerous examples of it:



I am musing about possibilities to express rights and related concepts - rights, dues, claim to something, entitlement, just/justice etc. - in NeoQuenya/NeoEldarin. I have not really been able to find any words in this semantic space in the attested vocabulary (there is a deleted Gnomish word for "rights"), so we'd need to resort to a metaphor or neologism.