August 2019

Old Sindarin: [p], [t], [k] spirantalized before [s]

OS. [p], [t], [k] spirantalized before [s]; [ps|ts|ks] > [ɸɸ|θθ|xx]

In (Old) Sindarin and (Old) Noldorin, voiceless stops [p, t, k] became spirants before [s]. Tolkien described these changes for Old Noldorin in his notes on the use of the Feanorian Alphabet from the 1930s. The tengwar representations for the compendia characters in these quotes is approximate, since they are not supported in current tengwar fonts: