Spatial Positional/Relational Adjectives in NeoQuenya

Spatial Positional/Relational Adjectives in NeoQuenya

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I would like to gather ideas for neologisms covering spatial positional/relational adjectives, which are rather sparsely attested, and often cause a headache for NQ writers. These are adjectives that specify an objects position with regards to a center point, axis, or plane.

 

I am thinking of this set, listing the attested words:

medial/middle/central: endea, en(t)ya

internal/interior: mitya

external/exterior: ava, ette

superior/upper:

inferior/nether: EQ úva

anterior/frontal:

posterior/rear/dorsal/back: EQ potsina, Q tella/telda

lateral/side

horizontal/level: EQ paluva, NQ *palwa

vertical/upright

perpendicular

parallel

diagonal

surrounding

 

It would be of course neat to discover a "regular" way of forming such adjectives from prepositions/prepositional roots (like ette, úva, mitya suggest), but I have a feeling we will not be able to come up with a one-fits-all process. Still, any ideas would be welcome, it would be nice to build a full set we could include in our wordlists.

We could also arrive at a conclusion that Quenya is likely to express these relations differently (e.g. with a locative rather than having adjectives, rear legs = the legs in the back, the upper half = the half at the top etc.). What do you think?

Submitted by S P Fri, 01/10/2020 - 14:33

For "superior/upper", analogy would then give *ord(ë)a, *ortëa/ort(y)a and *oruva¹/orwa. — Also cp. Qe. orda and orta (Gn. ortha) besides known Q adjectives for "found-in-X".

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¹ per Q Eruva (VT44), not "Erúva"

Submitted by Paul Strack Fri, 01/10/2020 - 21:14

There was an nearly identical conversation yesterday in the #lanquetta channel in the Vinye Lambengolmor discord server. Skim up until you see the diagrams with little yellow puff balls.