Hang On A Minute!

Hang On A Minute!


No worries, just musing about NeoQuenya relatives of the word "to hang": hang, swing, depend, pendulum, dependable, vertical...

  • hang: we do have the MidQuenya linga- (with a homonymous verb meaning "to ring"), but there is also the EQ kinka- with its transitive brother kinkata-1, and it's tempting to say the two could coexist as synonyms
  • swing, sway: this is trickier, my first instinct was to make it a frequentative of "hang", but then again "hang" is static, so how could it have a frequentative form2? (However, look at the etymology of dangle, based on that linga- which is glossed "hang" and "dangle" at the same time, could mean "swing" as well, retaining kinka- for "hang" only?); another idea would be to associate the verb with the notion of "tilting, slanting", again with a frequentative
  • depend: could be as simple as linga- or kinka- with an ablative (Hungarian uses the same metaphor of hanging from something so the notion looks universal); "dependable" is then a simple -(l)ima adjective formation
  • pendulum: *linguma or *kinkuma based on sanguma
  • vertical: *lingea, *lingastea, *lingaite?; or associate it with TOL "stick up" (as in "upright")

Are there other related words in this semantic group we could address?


To assist your thoughts, here's a rendition of Sway from the movie Dark City.

  • 1. which is a nice early example of the -ta causative
  • 2. not to mention I am totally unsure about how derived verbs form their frequentatives
Submitted by Lokyt Sat, 01/05/2019 - 01:02

But to be a little more productive, in Slavic both "to hang" and "to swing" are derived from various roots for "weight" - directly in the case of "to hang", while with a comitative prefix (the well known Indoeuropean ko-, analogical to S. go-, Q. o-) in the case of "swing".

On the other hand, Germanic "to swing" ultimately comes from a PIE. root meaning "to revolve, to turn" (perhaps with an underlying idea that swinging is revolving as well, only with its direction periodically changed?).

If it can be of any help :)

Submitted by Lokyt Sat, 01/05/2019 - 12:38

In reply to by Atwe

Sure. For hanging, there is PIE. *weǵʰ- > English weigh "to weigh", but Russian & Czech vise-, Polish wisie- "to hang". And for swinging, there's the root that gave Latin libra (a unit of weight) & librae "a weighing scale", but Russian koleba-, Czech koléba-, kolísa- (< *ko-lib-sa-), Polish kołysa- "to swing, to wobble".