Select Elvish Words 3.79: to Hunt

Select Elvish Words 3.79: to Hunt

3.79 to Hunt

ᴹQ. fafarra- vb. “*to keep on hunting”

A frequentative form of ᴹQ. fara- appearing in the Quenya Verbal System (QVS) from 1948 (PE22/112), hences meaning something like “*to keep on hunting”. It replaced an archaic form †papharra-.

Q. fara- vb. “to hunt”

A verb for “to hunt” based on the root √SPAR. In the Quenya Verbal System (QVS) from 1948, Tolkien gave it as an example of an a-verb with an inherently continuative sense (PE22/113).

Q. faralë n. “hunting”

A word for “hunting”, an abstract noun formation from the verb Q. fara- “to hunt” (PE22/110, 138).

ᴹQ. farastë n. “hunting, the chase”

A word appearing as ᴹQ. faraste “hunting, the chase” Quenya Verbal System (QVS) from 1948 (PE22/110). It likely means a (single) act of hunting, as opposed to faralë which is “hunting” in abstract or the practice of hunting.

Neo-Quenya: Since Tolkien revised the “general action suffix” from ᴹQ. -ste to Q. -sta, I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. farasta for purposes of Neo-Quenya (PE22/137).

ᴹQ. farastëa adj. “of the chase (that it is proper to hunt), *of prey”

An adjectival form of faraste “hunting, the chase”, with the sense “a beast of the chase (that it is proper to hunt)”, so used in phrases like “beast of prey” (PE22/111). In other words, it is used for beasts who are the hunter rather than the hunted.

ᴹQ. farina adj. “fugitive, hunted”

An adjective meaning “fugitive, hunted”, base on the verb ᴹQ. fara- “to hunt” (PE22/111).

ᴹQ. farna n. “quarry, prey”

A noun for “quarry, prey” base on the verb ᴹQ. fara- “to hunt” (PE22/116), perhaps originally a nominalized adjective. It originally had a variant form farina, but this was deleted (PE22/116 note #92).

ᴹQ. roime n. “quarry, prey”

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “hunt, hunting” derived from the root ᴹ√ROY¹ “chase” (Ety/ROY¹). In The Etymologies as published in The Lost Road, Christopher Tolkien gave this word as raime (LR/384), but in their Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies, Carl Hostetter and Patrick Wynne clarified that the word was actually roime with an o (VT46/12).

N. fara- vb. “to hunt”

A verb in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “to hunt” derived from primitive ᴹ✶sparā- under the root ᴹ√SPAR “hunt, pursue” (Ety/SPAR). The root form was initially given as ᴹ√PHAR (EtyAC/PHAR²).

N. faron n. “hunter”

A word for “hunter” in The Etymologies of the 1930s appearing as an element in the name N. Elfaron “Sky-hunter”, an agental form of the verb N. fara- “to hunt” (Ety/SPAR).

S. faroth n. “*hunting”

An element in the name S. Taur-en-Faroth (S/168), untranslated in Tolkien’s later writings, though this location was described as the Hills of the Hunters in the Lays of Beleriand of the 1920s (LB/61). In The Etymologies of the 1930s the name was given as N. Taur-na-Faras, where N. faras was a noun for “hunting” under the root ᴹ√SPAR “hunt, pursue” (Ety/SPAR). It seems likely that S. faroth also means “hunting”, as an abstract noun form of the verb [N.] fara- “to hunt”.

Conceptual Development: In the first map of The Silmarillion, the Elvish name for “The Hills of the Hunters” was N. Duil Rewinion (SM/225). The word N. rewinion “of the hunters” seems to be a genitive plural, perhaps connected to N. rhui(w) “hunt, hunting” from The Etymologies of the 1930s (Ety/ROY¹).

N. feredir n. “hunter”

A word for “hunter” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, a combination of the verb N. fara- “to hunt” with the agental suffix N. -dir (Ety/SPAR). It had a (class) plural form faradrim; perhaps in this case the class plural was also used as the ordinary plural. This word shows i-affection from its suffix -dir, causing the a’s in the word to become e’s. This is unusual, especially in later Sindarin, where in “recognized compounds” the initial element of the compound did not normally undergo i-affection: compare S. randir “wanderer” with initial element from ran-.

N. rhui(w) n. “hunt, hunting”

A noun appearing as N. rhui(w) “hunt, hunting” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from the root ᴹ√ROY¹ “chase”, cognate to ᴹQ. roime (Ety/ROY¹). Here the initial r became voiceless rh as was usual in Noldorin, while it seems the medial m became w and then vanished.

Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had similarly formed G. raust “hunt, chase”, clearly based on the early root ᴱ√RAVA that was the bases for “hunt” words in the contemporaneous Qenya Lexicon, as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (GL/65; QL/79; LT1A/Meássë).

Neo-Sindarin: Since the unvoicing of initial liquids did not occur in Sindarin, many people adapt this word as ᴺS. rui for purposes of Neo-Sindarin, as suggested in Hiswelókë’s Sindarin Dictionary (HSD). I would extend its meaning to “hunt, hunting, *chase”, to make it more distinct from “hunting” words based on [N.] fara-.