Other Languages

A-affection in Adûnaic

What is your opinion on the occurrence of A-affection in Adûnaic — especially in the situation when one derives masc. karbû and fem. karbî type forms from karab-like nouns whose root vowel is not A, but instead I or U?

Does the attestation dolgu indicate that in such a case I > E and U > O, or should one instead follow the "lead" of kulb-ô, -â, -ê, -û, -î in SD:425?

Dream

Anatoly Liberman posted this very interesting article on the etymology of the English word dream, and it got me thinking whether Tolkien was aware of the ambiguity behind the etymology (in Old English, the word seems more associated with "joy, noise, life" than "dream", it's worth reading the entire two-part article) and made the roots OLOS and GALAS similar on purpose. I am probably seeing stuff into things here, but I wouldn't put anything past Tolkien :)